A/HRC/51/47 I. Introduction 1. The Human Rights Council, in its resolution 12/2, expressed its concern over continued reports of intimidation and reprisal against individuals and groups seeking to cooperate or having cooperated with the United Nations, its representatives and mechanisms in the field of human rights. The Council condemned all acts of intimidation and reprisal committed by Governments and non-State actors against such individuals and groups and invited the Secretary-General to report annually on alleged reprisals, including recommendations on how to address the issue. The present report is the thirteenth report submitted pursuant to resolution 12/2.1 II. Activities in response to acts of intimidation and reprisal 2. Forms of reprisal and retaliation for ongoing or past cooperation and intimidation designed to discourage future participation or cooperation with a wide range of United Nations entities at Headquarters and in the field have continued throughout the reporting period. Incidents or trends were addressed within the United Nations system by the Secretariat, United Nations field offices and peace operations and the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN-Women), by intergovernmental organs such as the General Assembly, the Security Council and the Human Rights Council and by the special procedure mandate holders of the Council, human rights treaty bodies and other entities such as the United Nations Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture and the highlevel political forum on sustainable development. The Assistant Secretary-General for Human Rights, the senior United Nations official designated to lead system-wide efforts to address intimidation and reprisals, continued engagement with Member States, United Nations entities, civil society and other stakeholders to raise awareness and concerns about such trends and incidents. 3. The General Assembly 2 and the Human Rights Council 3 have addressed acts of intimidation and reprisal in several thematic and country resolutions. In October 2021, the Council, in its resolution 48/17, invited the Secretary-General to also submit the annual report on cooperation with the United Nations, its representatives and mechanisms in the field of human rights to the General Assembly, starting from its seventy-seventh session. 4. In October 2021, in a statement delivered before the General Assembly during the interactive dialogue with the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders, 80 Member States jointly recognized the crucial role of civil society and human rights defenders in enriching United Nations decision-making and ensuring that it has an impact on the ground. They called on other States to prioritize and support the meaningful participation of civil society at the United Nations, including by taking action against intimidation and reprisals. They called for improved data collection, analysis and documentation to address existing gaps, such as climates of fear conducive to self-censorship, and to inform and improve policies and practices on intimidation and reprisals.4 5. Successive Presidents of the Human Rights Council have addressed two alleged cases of reprisal, including one of a civil society representative who continues to be unable to travel abroad. On 27 April 2022, the Bureau of the Council discussed one of the alleged cases, which arose in the context of the forty-ninth session of the Council. The President informed the Bureau that the Secretariat had been seized of the alleged case and that further inquiries were ongoing and reassured the Bureau that he would follow up on all allegations brought to his attention. During the reporting period, of a total of 39 States reviewed in the context of 1 2 3 4 2 A/HRC/14/19, A/HRC/18/19, A/HRC/21/18, A/HRC/24/29 and A/HRC/24/29/Corr.1, A/HRC/27/38, A/HRC/30/29, A/HRC/33/19, A/HRC/36/31, A/HRC/39/41, A/HRC/42/30, A/HRC/45/36 and A/HRC/48/28. General Assembly resolutions 76/178, 76/180 and 76/174. Human Rights Council resolutions 47/1, 48/11, 48/16, 48/17, 49/3, 49/18 and 49/23. See https://www.gov.uk/government/speeches/we-must-ensure-civil-society-and-human-rightsdefenders-can-engage-with-the-un-without-fear-of-reprisal.

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