- Location of case in SG report
- Relevant SG report
- Year of the report
- Country Geolocation
- Country Geolocation (linked Countries)
- Middle East and North Africa
- Type of record
- Named individual
- Was the victim a foreign national?
- Was the victim a minor?
- Individual's/organization's activity
Director of the Syrian Centre for Media and Freedom of Expression, based in Damascus
- Type of rights defended
- Civil/political rights
- Unclear in SG Report
- Was the victim a civil servant, member of the security forces or of the judiciary?
- Reported trigger of reprisal
It appears that “communicating with international organizations with the aim of having the international community condemn Syria” may relate to, inter alia, the granting of consultative status to the Syrian Centre for Media and Freedom of Expression by the Economic and Social Council in 2010 and the organization’s subsequent cooperation with various United Nations human rights mechanisms.
- Engagement with UN body
- UN ECOSOC
- Dates of engagement
- 2012; Unclear
- Type of attempted engagement
- Dates of mentioned reprisals
- 16 February 2012
- Location of mentioned reprisals
- Al Mazza military airport; Adra
- Reprisal information
arrested on 16 February 2012 during a raid on the Centre, reportedly spent more than nine months in incommunicado detention at the Air Force Intelligence detention centre at Al Mazza military airport, from their arrest until 30 November 2012, when they were transferred to Damascus Central Prison in Adra. While held, all five were allegedly subjected to inhuman treatment and were forced to endure extremely poor conditions of detention. On 27 February 2013, the above-mentioned five individuals were reportedly charged with “promoting terrorist acts” by the investigative judge of the Anti-Terrorism Court in Damascus under article 8 of the Anti-Terrorism Law of 2012. It is alleged that the list of offences published by the investigative judge of the Court included “documenting the names of those detained, disappeared, wanted or killed” in the context of the Syrian conflict, “communicating with international organizations with the aim of having the international community condemn Syria” and “publishing studies on the human rights and media situation in Syria”. Mr Alhamade and Mr. Al-Omari were released pending trial
- Types of reprisals suffered
- Property damage/raid/search/confiscation
- Physical attack: Torture/Cruel, inhuman, degrading treatment
- Alleged/likely perpetrators
- State actors
- Was the reprisal based on new legislation?
- Does the report make general comment about country’s environment for engagement with UN?
- Is the country cited for a "pattern of reprisal" in the context of this case?
- Is a pattern of reprisals mentioned otherwise in the context of this case?
- Does the report cite "self-censorship" as an issue in the context of this case?
- How many times has the case been followed up in subsequent SG reports?
- In which SG report was this case followed up on? 0
- Follow up information provided in SG report 0
44.In my previous report reference was made to criminal charges brought against, and the incommunicado detention, torture and ill-treatment of, Mazen Darwish, Director of the Syrian Centre for Media and Freedom of Expression, and Hussein Hammad Ghrer, Hani Al-Zaitani, Abdelrahman Alhamade and Mansour Al-Omari.68Messrs. Alhamade and Al-Omari have reportedly been released pending trial, but Messrs. Darwish, Ghrer and Al-Zaitani remain in detention.69 A reply from the Government to a joint communication sent by special procedures was received on 31 March 2014. It indicated that Messrs. Darwish, Ghrer and Al-Zaitani had been arrested on 16 February 2012 on the basis of suspicious activities and that, on 14 November 2012, they had been referred to the competent judicial authority.70 On 14 January 2014, the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention issued opinion 43/2013, in which it declared the detention of Messrs. Darwish, Al-Zaitani and Ghrer arbitrary andcalled for their release.71
- Followup Trends 0
- Did the government respond? 0
- Was this case followed up by a UN body? 0
- UN Special Procedures: Thematic